TRIPOLI/TUNIS – The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) are expanding their support for food insecure refugees and asylum seekers in Libya with emergency food assistance in response to the severe socio-economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in the country as well as the effects of the ongoing conflict.

The two agencies will expand their partnership, launched in June, to provide food support for people in areas outside of Tripoli, including Zawiya, Misrata, Benghazi and Zwara, as well as continuing in Tripoli.

Coronavirus infections have surged in the country, rising from 200 reported cases in June to nearly 28,000 cases.  COVID-19 related movement restrictions and curfews, as well as the ongoing conflict and economic crisis, have led to sharp increases in food prices, while making it hard for most refugees and asylum seekers to find daily work to support themselves.

According to the latest Joint Market Monitoring Initiative, the cost of a minimum expenditure basket that would meet a family’s basic needs, including food items, was 19.2% more expensive in August than in March, when the first coronavirus cases were reported in Libya. Cooking fuel prices increased by 66.7% in August compared to the previous month.

“The situation is getting worse by the day. Many people can’t access food for a number of reasons including prices going up and limited food availability. At the same time, there are almost no opportunities to work,” said U.N. World Food Programme Representative and Country Director in Libya Samer AbdelJaber. “This is exhausting people’s ability to continue to cope with the growing pressures. At times like these, when meeting basic needs becomes increasingly hard, food support becomes even more of an imperative.”

People will be receiving locally produced ready-to-eat food which supports the local economy. This food assistance does not require any cooking, which helps people at a time when cooking fuel prices are soaring.

The micronutrient-dense, ready-to-eat emergency food packages, providing enough food for one month, include hummus, canned beans, canned tuna, halawa (Middle Eastern spread made with sesame seed paste and sugar) and date bars. Each package covers 53 percent of the daily caloric requirement of a healthy person (around 1,100 calories).

Food needs in the new focus areas for support were verified through U.N. World Food Programme rapid needs assessments.  They showed that, on average, one out of two respondents had a poor or borderline food consumption score. A majority of the respondents reported significantly higher frequency of using negative coping strategies, such as skipping meals to adapt to food scarcity. 73 percent of respondents reported not having any food at home, while 69 percent had no money to buy food over the last month.

“The coronavirus pandemic affected our daily meals,” said Bashir, a 29-year-old refugee from Sudan who came to Libya to work as a daily laborer, and was among those interviewed. “There’s no work anymore, so there is no money. We have not been able to pay for food. Some days, if we can borrow a dinar, we buy bread just to fill our stomachs. That is the food we survive on.”

Both agencies have reported increases in requests for food assistance over the past few months. During the U.N. World Food Programme Country Director’s July virtual meetings with mayors throughout Libya, food was listed as a top need in every conversation, with accompanying requests of additional assistance. In Libya, the U.N. World Food Programme also supports crisis-affected internally displaced people (IDPs), returnees, and non-displaced populations including host communities and school children.

Among those who will continue to be assisted under the joint agency food assistance project are refugees and asylum seekers recently released from detention centers. More than 20 people, including minors, were provided with assistance earlier this month after being released from Triq al Sikka detention center. This type of assistance supports alternative solutions to detention by helping to meet people’s basic needs outside of the centers.

“The help we provide under this project is lifesaving,” said UNHCR’s chief of Mission Jean-Paul Cavalieri. “It’s especially crucial for those just released from detention, who struggle initially to support themselves in urban settings.”

The expanded food distributions, supported by the European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF Africa), began over the weekend at a U.N. World Food Programme distribution point in Zawiya. An additional 6,000 refugees and asylum seekers will be reached in this second phase, with 10,000 people targeted with assistance through the end of this year.

U.N. World Food Programme and UNHCR staff, as well as their partners, will continue to ensure COVID-19 precautionary measures, such as personal protection equipment, social distancing, disinfection and enhanced crowd controls, are in place for the distributions.

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UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, leads international action to protect people forced to flee their homes because of conflict and persecution. We deliver life-saving assistance like shelter, food and water, help safeguard fundamental human rights, and develop solutions that ensure people have a safe place to call home where they can build a better future. | Follow them on Twitter @UNHCRLibya

The United Nations World Food Programme is the world’s largest humanitarian organization, saving lives in emergencies, building prosperity and supporting a sustainable future for people recovering from conflict, disasters and the impact of climate change. | Follow us on Twitter @WFPUSA, @WFP_MENA and @SamerWFP

Contact:

UNHCR
Tripoli: Caroline Gluck gluck@unhcr.org +218 91000 7195
Tunis: Tarik Argaz argaz@unhcr.org +216 299 61295
Geneva: Charlie Yaxley yaxley@unhcr.org +41 79 580 8702

WFP
Tunis/Tripoli: Flavia Brunetti flavia.brunetti@wfp.org +216 58558309
Cairo: Abeer Etefa abeer.etefa@wfp.org +201 0666 3435 2

TRIPOLI/TUNIS – UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), are joining forces in Libya in a project that will aim to reach up to 10,000 food insecure refugees and asylum seekers with emergency food aid this year.

The partnership was launched in recognition of the severe socio-economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in Libya as well as the effects of the ongoing conflict. Nutritious food supports a healthy immune system, which is even more critical in challenging times of a global pandemic. Regular food support helps to meet this basic need and allows for limited income to be used for other needs.

Most refugees and asylum seekers in Libya have been unable to find any daily work to support themselves as curfews have been introduced and food prices and the cost of basic goods have dramatically risen. The cost of a minimum-expenditure food basket that would meet basic needs has increased by 24 percent since March.  Many refugees say that they are only able to afford to eat one meal a day.

A quick-needs assessment conducted by the U.N. World Food Programme between May 30th and June 3rd 2020, carried out via telephone interviews with 10 percent of refugees proposed for assistance, found that on average, one out of two respondents had poor or borderline-poor food consumption. A majority showed significantly higher frequency of using negative coping strategies such as reducing the number of meals per day or limiting the size of meal portions. In the past 30 days, 77 percent of respondents could not access supermarkets, and 70 percent had no money to buy food.

“Every day, I am afraid of death because of hunger,” a respondent told the U.N. World Food Programme. “I sleep on mats. There are many shops that I want to work in but there is no work. There is nothing in my house other than bread and tea.”

“It is imperative that we hear these needs and support those most vulnerable,” said Samer AbdelJaber, Country Director and Representative of the U.N. World Food Programme in Libya. “Access to nutritious food is a right. UNHCR and WFP in Libya have worked together previously in times of crisis in the country, when the intensification of conflict left people of concern with no access to food. Now, with the added challenge of COVID-19, we are coming together to ensure support to food insecure refugees who are fully reliant on humanitarian assistance for basic needs.”

Among those who will be assisted under the project are refugees and asylum seekers recently released from detention centers with limited means of supporting themselves.  Others will include refugees in urban settings facing severe challenges in accessing food.

“The help we’re providing under this project has come at a critical time and will be a lifesaver for some of the most vulnerable refugees and asylum seekers in urban areas,” said Jean-Paul Cavalieri, UNHCR’s Chief of Mission in Libya.

“Most people relied on daily labor, but this work has dried up because of COVID-19 movement restrictions. They are living a hand-to-mouth existence and finding it very hard to feed themselves. In addition, as the U.N. continues to call for the orderly release of refugees and migrants from arbitrary detention, it is important that whenever the authorities release people from these centers, we can assist them in urban settings.”

The first distribution of food assistance began Monday, June 15th at UNHCR’s registration  center in Serraj, Tripoli.  Some 2,000 refugees and asylum seekers will be reached in the pilot phase.

The micronutrient-dense, ready-to-eat emergency food packages, provide enough food for one month and include hummus, canned beans, canned tuna, halawa, and date bars which cover 53 percent of the daily caloric requirement of a healthy person (around 1,100 calories).

The U.N. World Food Programme and UNHCR staff will distribute the food packages through the end of the year, ensuring COVID-19 precautionary measures, such as personal protection equipment, social distancing, disinfection and enhanced crowd controls, are in place for the distributions.

This innovative partnership will also go beyond emergency food support, extending to technology services which facilitate communication and exchange of information. The WFP-led Emergency Telecommunications Sector will be providing connectivity services to a UNHCR Community Day Center in Tripoli to help refugees connect to their loved ones and communities.

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UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, leads international action to protect people forced to flee their homes because of conflict and persecution. We deliver life-saving assistance like shelter, food and water, help safeguard fundamental human rights, and develop solutions that ensure people have a safe place to call home where they can build a better future. | Follow us on Twitter @UNHCRLibya and on Facebook

The United Nations World Food Programme is the world’s largest humanitarian organization, saving lives in emergencies, building prosperity and supporting a sustainable future for people recovering from conflict, disasters and the impact of climate change. | Follow us on Twitter @WFPUSA @WFP_MENA @SamerWFP

For more information please contact:

UNHCR

  • Tripoli: Caroline Gluck gluck@unhcr.org, +218 91000 7195
  • Tunis: Tarik Argaz argaz@unhcr.org, +216 299 61295
  • Geneva: Charlie Yaxley yaxley@unhcr.org, +41 79 580 8702

WFP

  • Tunis/Tripoli: Flavia Brunetti flavia.brunetti@wfp.org, +216 58558309
  • Cairo: Abeer Etefa abeer.etefa@wfp.org, +201 0666 3435 2

Note for editors: Broadcast quality b-roll available to download here.

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