8 Facts On Disasters, Hunger and Nutrition
January 5, 2019
Photo: WFP/Matteo Caravani
- More than 80 percent of the world’s most food-insecure people live in countries prone to natural disasters with high levels of environmental degradation.
- More than ten percent of the world’s population (980 million people) live on less than $1.25 a day in rural areas where they depend on agriculture and face increasing disaster risk.
- By 2050, hunger and child malnutrition could increase by up to 20 percent as a result of climate-related disasters.
- More than 20 percent of the variations in height in developing countries is determined by environmental factors, particularly drought.
- Studies from Bangladesh show increased wasting and stunting rates among preschool children after floods due to reduced access to food, increased difficulties in providing proper care and greater exposure to contaminants.
- In the Philippines over the last two decades, 15 times as many infants have died in the 24 months following typhoon events as died in the typhoons themselves. Most of them were infant girls.
- Droughts have severe impacts on dietary diversity and reduce overall food consumption. In Niger, regardless of birth location, children born during a drought are more than twice as likely to be malnourished between the ages of one and two.
- Hunger cannot be eliminated in our lifetime without building the resilience of vulnerable people to increasing disaster risk and climate change.