Congressional Research Service

Congressional Research Service

[2018] U.S. International Food Assistance: An Overview

[2018] Foreign Aid: An Introduction to US Programs and Policy

[2018] The Marshall Plan: Design, Accomplishments and Significance

[2018] Department of State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs: FY2018 Budget and Appropriations

[2018] Farm Bill Programs without a Budget Baseline beyond FY2018

[2018] U.S. Farm Commodity Support: An Overview of Selected Programs

Foreign Assistance:

[2018] Yemen: Civil War and Regional Intervention

[2018] The War in Yemen: A Compilation of Legislation in the 115th Congress

[2018] Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and US Response

[2016] International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance Response Mechanisms

[2016] Does Foreign Aid Work? Efforts to Evaluate U.S. Foreign Assistance

[2016] Millennium Challenge Corporation

[2016] Foreign Aid: An Introduction to U.S. Programs and Policy

[2016] U.S. International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

[2015] Department of State and Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Fact Sheet on Legislation, FY1995-FY2015

[2013] International Food Aid: U.S. and Other Donor Contributions

[2013] Foreign Aid: International Donor Coordination of Development Assistance

[2011] Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues

[2011] U.S. Global Food Security Funding, FY2010-FY2012

[2011] Foreign Operations Appropriations: General Provisions

[2010] Local and Regional Procurement for U.S. International Emergency Food Aid

[2010] Foreign Assistance Act of 1961: Authorizations and Corresponding Appropriations

[2009] Foreign Aid Reform, National Strategy, and the Quadrennial Review

[2009] Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

[2009] Foreign Aid Reform: Agency Coordination

[2009] Foreign Aid Reform: Studies and Recommendations

[2008] International Food Aid Provisions of the 2008 Farm Bill

[2008] International Crises and Disasters, U.S. Humanitarian Assistance, Budget Trends, and Issues for Congress

[2008] Foreign Aid Reform: Issues for Congress and Policy Options

[2007] Restructuring U.S. Foreign Aid: The Role of the Director of Foreign Assistance in Transformational Development

[2005] International Disasters and Humanitarian Assistance: U.S. Governmental Response

[2005] Foreign Aid: An Introductory Overview of U.S. Programs and Policy

Government Accountability Office

Government Accountability Office 

[2017] Cargo Preference Increased Food Aid Shipping Cost; Benefits Remain Unclear

[2017] Agencies Should Ensure Timely Documentation of Required Market Analyses and Assess Local Markets for Program Effects

[2017] USAID Has Controls for Implementation and Support Costs but Should Strengthen Financial Oversight

[2017] Foreign Assistance – Agencies Can Improve the Quality and Dissemination of Program Evaluations

[2016]  USAID Has Established Processes to Monitor Cash and Voucher Projects, but Data Limitations Impede Evaluation

[2016] Syria Humanitarian Assistance: Implementing Partners Have Assessed Some Risks of Providing Aid inside Syria, but U.S. Agencies Could Improve Fraud Oversight

[2016] Actions Needed to Improve Transparency and Quality of Data on

[2016] U.S. Agency for International Development—Nonemergency Food Assistance

[2014] Prepositioning Speeds Delivery of Emergency Aid, but Additional Monitoring of Time Frames and Costs Is Needed

[2014] Better Agency Collaboration Needed to Assess and Improve Emergency Food Aid Procurement System

[2013] USAID Is Improving Coordination but Needs to Require Systematic Assessments of Country-Level Risks

[2013] U.S. Assistance to Yemen: Actions Needed to Improve Oversight of Emergency Food Aid and Assess Security Assistance

[2012] International Food Assistance: U.S. Nonemergency Food Aid Programs Have Similar Objectives but Some Planning Helps Limit Overlap

[2012] Improved Targeting Would Help Enable USAID to Reach Vulnerable Groups

[2012] Stronger Controls Needed in High-Risk Areas

[2011] Funding Development Projects through the Purchase, Shipment, and Sale of U.S. Commodities Is Inefficient and Can Cause Adverse Market Impacts

[2011] USDA’s Oversight of the McGovern-Dole Food for Education Program Needs Improvement

[2011] Better Nutrition and Quality Control Can Further Improve U.S. Food Aid

[2010] Progress toward a U.S. Governmentwide Strategy Is Under Way, but Approach Has Several Vulnerabilities

[2009] A U.S. Governmentwide Strategy Could Accelerate Progress toward Global Food Security

[2009] USAID Is Taking Actions to Improve Monitoring and Evaluation of Nonemergency Food Aid, but Weaknesses in Planning Could Impede Efforts

[2009]  Local and Regional Procurement Provides Opportunities to Enhance U.S. Food Aid, but Challenges May Constrain Its Implementation



2014 Farm Bill

2014 Farm Bill [See Section 3001]

Joint Statement of Managers

Food for Peace Act [As amended by 2014 Farm Bill]

2008 Farm Bill 

2008 Farm Bill [See Section 3001]

Joint Statement of Managers

Food for Peace Act [As amended by 2008 Farm Bill]

Archived Farm Bills:

2002, 1996, 1990, 1985, 1981, 1977, 1973, 1970, 1965


Agriculture and Related Agencies, In Brief:

FY2018FY2017, FY2016, FY2015, FY2014/3 (Post Sequestration), FY2013, FY2012, FY2011, FY2010, FY2009, FY2008, FY2007, FY2006, FY2005, FY2004, FY2003, FY2002, FY2001, FY2000

Global Food Security Act (GFSA)


Global Food Security Strategy, 2017-2021

Social Safety Nets