Without sustained humanitarian assistance and access to people in need, U.N. agencies say hunger could reach its highest level ever.
Roughly 7 million people—almost two-thirds of the population of South Sudan—will face severe hunger and famine-like conditions in the coming months unless humanitarian assistance and access are maintained, according to a new report from the leading international famine watch agency.
U.N. agencies warn that hunger could rise in the world’s youngest country due to the crippling effects of conflict. Five years of violence have devastated the South Sudanese economy, disrupting markets and trade while preventing the country’s farmers from tending their fields. Food production has plummeted, and the World Food Programme (WFP) is expecting the annual lean season—between May and July—to come early when farmers run out of what little food they may still have.
New data from the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification shows how hunger would likely worsen in South Sudan without humanitarian assistance, including WFP’s food assistance. People living in areas of yellow, considered “stressed,” could experience “crisis” levels of hunger, shown in orange. People already living in areas experiencing “crisis” levels of hunger could face “emergency” levels of hunger, shown in red.
At the same time, extreme weather and natural disasters—prolonged dry spells, flooding and a pest infestation—have exacerbated the situation. Now, a new threat looms—the coming rainy season, which begins in April, lasts six months and renders 60 percent of the roads impassable across South Sudan.
“The country has less than 155 miles of paved road,” said WFP Communications Officer Tomson Phiri. “During the rainy season, they are so muddy and you get stuck. Rains cut access completely to most of the areas where WFP wants to be.”
WFP is planning to pre-position 140,000 metric tons of food and nutrition supplies–20 percent more than in 2017–in more than 50 locations across the country. At the peak of its response this year, WFP aims to reach 4.4 million people with lifesaving food and nutrition assistance.
“Unless we can pre-position assistance rather than mount a more costly response during the rains, more families will struggle to survive,” said Adnan Khan, WFP’s Country Director in South Sudan.
The new report comes almost exactly one year after famine was declared in parts of South Sudan. In response, WFP, UNICEF and FAO and their partners launched their largest-ever emergency operation, saving lives while averting and containing the famine. This effort included more than 135 rapid response humanitarian missions to the hardest-to-reach areas, providing lifesaving assistance to over 1.8 million people.
WFP is working around the clock to deliver lifesaving aid to the people of South Sudan, using every means necessary. Learn more.
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