Photo: WFP/Yursys Miranda

Cuba

70-80%

of domestic food requirements is imported

$20B

in losses incurred by climate hazards over the last 8 years

31%

of children under 2 are anemic

The Situation

Over the last 50 years, Cuba’s comprehensive social protection programs have largely eradicated hunger and poverty. In 2011, the Government of Cuba launched a process to update its economic model to improve efficiency, reduce costs and increase sustainability of social protection programs. These efforts are guided by the Government’s commitment to ensure that no Cuban is left unprotected. In this process, food security was identified as a national priority.

Cuba is highly prone to tropical storms, hurricanes, heavy rainfalls, drought and occasional earthquakes. Over the last eight years, climate hazards have caused more than $20 billion in losses, especially damaging the economy and food security.

WFP's Work

WFP has been present in Cuba since 1963. The UN agency supports social safety nets for different groups at risk of hunger through activities including:

  • National food-related safety programs that target schoolchildren, pregnant and breastfeeding women, and the elderly
  • Agricultural supply chain support – mostly in bean production and processing – to provide food for social protection programs and reduce food imports
  • Early warning systems for drought and hurricanes that equip national and local decisionmakers with critical climate information to prepare