Image depicting Hunger Crisis In the DRC
Photo: WFP/Arete/Fredrik Lerneryd

Hunger Crisis In the DRC

Today, the DRC is the world's largest hunger crisis and counts Africa’s highest number of internally displaced people. Years of conflict and the impact of COVID-19 are intensifying hunger for millions of Congolese.

Violence and Human Suffering

Decades of civil war have wrought havoc on the DRC. Now, the country faces another killer: COVID-19. The deadly combination has caused widespread hunger – one out of every four Congolese are hungry – and WFP is scaling up operations to save their lives.

DRC: A Fight for Peace

December 2019

At the end of November, armed groups began targeting civilians and Ebola health centers, forcing aid groups – including WFP – to suspend their operations and withdraw their staff. This Ebola outbreak has become the second biggest on record, killing over 2,200 people since mid-2018. WFP is working to deliver food to people suspected of carrying the disease so they don’t need to leave their homes.

Photo: WFP/Deborah Nguyen

August 2019

August 1, 2019 marks one year since the DRC Government declared an outbreak of the Ebola virus. At the end of July it was declared a public health emergency of international concern. Almost one in three cases is a child. Though the outbreak is primarily a health crisis, it hurts local businesses, prevents children from going to school and pushes people further into hunger. WFP has been on the front lines, delivering food to 440,000 people and meals to 25,000 schoolchildren in Ebola-affected areas.

Source: Press Release Photo: WFP/Tara Crossley

December 2018

5 million Congolese people are internally displaced, unable to return to their homes because of violence, and 7.7 million are severely food insecure.

August 2018

An infestation of Fall Armyworms reduces DRC's corn crops by 64%, pushing families further into hunger.

January 2018

Airlifts from France of Plumpy’Sup, a nutrient-rich, ready-to-use supplementary food, allow WFP to treat 9,000 malnourished children.

November 2017

Lagging donations force WFP to cut its food distribution to 400,000 people by half.

Photo: WFP/Jacques David

July 2016

WFP launches its assistance program following the eruption of brutal conflict and ethnic violence. Rations include cereal, beans, vegetable oil and salt.

Photo: WFP/Jacques David

Rebuilding Lives

WFP faces difficult and oftentimes dangerous circumstances to deploy smart solutions to feed Congolese families in need. These innovations include specialized helicopters, cash transfers, mVAM and Purchase for Progress.

Photo: WFP

WFP operates UNHAS, running daily flights and carrying humanitarian workers, cargo, mobile laboratories and protection equipment. One helicopter is equipped with a decontamination chamber and two isolation cells to safely fly Ebola patients.

Cash Transfers

Cash is an effective and cost-efficient form of food assistance that allows families to buy what they want in local stores. With cash transfers, people can buy a variety of food items, improving their nutritional intake and bolstering local economies.


The mobile Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping unit (mVAM) equips families with mobile phones so they can share information with WFP about their food consumption and coping strategies, helping WFP monitor and target assistance where it’s needed most.


Purchase for Progress (P4P) focuses on teaching small-scale farmers how to run and grow their businesses ,  from planting and harvesting to storing and selling . Women receive special support so they can sell products like baked goods, livestock or charcoal.

Fighting an Epidemic With Food

WFP identifies people who might have contracted Ebola and limits their movements by giving them a week’s supply of food so they don’t need to leave their homes to buy it. The more people stay in one place, the less likely the virus is to spread. The food WFP delivers – a large sack containing rice, beans, oil, and salt – is an incentive to minimize movement and part of a larger containment strategy.

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Because of these bold efforts, WFP aims to feed 8.7M people in the DRC this year.

Square photograph of Miracle Detailed photograph of Miracle
Photo: Rein Skullerud/WFP


Miracle and his siblings fled violence in the DRC, arriving scared and hungry at the Mugombwa refugee camp. Now they get a hot meal every day.

Detailed photograph of Monique


Twelve-year-old Monique gets the food he needs because of WFP cash transfers to his family.

Detailed photograph of Jacqueline


Jacqueline's youngest son was severely malnourished. Now he's on the road to better health thanks to fortified cereal.

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But there is more to be done.
As of today
DRC has more people living in hunger
than any other country in the world

Help us realize a future beyond emergency assistance where our help is no longer needed.

Let’s build people’s knowledge, skills and resilience. Let’s invest in economic opportunities and sustainable food systems so that all Congolese families can get the nutrition they need to reach their full potential.