Image depicting Violence & Climate Change In Nigeria
Photo: WFP/Giulio d'Adamo

Violence & Climate Change In Nigeria

Over 10 Years of Struggle

Northeast Nigeria is an epicenter of climate change and conflict. Attacks by armed groups and counter-insurgents have forced people from their homes and cut them off from their farms.

Now, the social and economic fallout of COVID-19 is pushing the country to the brink. Under lockdown, there are longer and longer lines for food – with tensions on the rise. Coronavirus cases are rising in the Northeast, and already vulnerable people won’t survive without help.

If it’s not WFP, there’s no one else.

Triple Threats: Conflict, Insecurity and Coronavirus

June 2020

A steep drop in international oil prices - Nigeria’s major export - since the outbreak of the virus has sparked fears of a recession. Nearly 4 million people could lose their jobs temporarily, and this could rise to 13 million if movement restrictions continue. That's on top of the 23 percent of the labor force already out of work.

April 2020

With 665 confirmed cases of coronavirus, conflict is again driving hunger at a menacing pace in Nigeria’s northeast. An upsurge in violence - with renewed attacks by armed groups and counter-insurgency operations by the military – has resulted in a fresh wave of displacement, cutting off access to farming lands essential for food and livelihoods.

Photo: WFP/Giulio d'Adamo

October 2018

More than 120,000 people have been driven from their homes by the conflict over the last year.

August 2017

WFP launches a "fighting famine" campaign to raise awareness and funds for the hunger crisis in Northeast Nigeria.

January 2017

WFP scales up its response in northeast Nigeria, reaching 1 million people in need.

August 2016

WFP activates a Level 3 food emergency, its most serious crisis designation.

August 2014

Boko Haram militants kidnap 276 teenage girls from a boarding school in Chibok in Borno.

July 2014

The Boko Haram Insurgency begins causing families to flee the violence.

Meeting the Challenge

The United Nations World Food Programme uses smart, innovative solutions to feed Nigerian families across the region. These innovations include livelihood programs, SCOPE registration, truck convoys and UNHAS.


WFP provides Nigerian communities with high-quality, locally-sourced seeds, bolstering families’ food stores throughout the lean season. WFP will also provide cash transfers, tools, and vocational training to communities in need.


This blockchain technology helps WFP collect names, fingerprints and photos when registering refugees. The SCOPE process reduces loss and theft while allowing the humanitarian agency to better monitor and evaluate food distributions.

Truck Convoys

Trucks carrying more than 1 million pounds of lifesaving food are now in transit from warehouses in Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan. They are carrying large bags of food, nutritional supplements and other humanitarian supplies.


Managed by WFP, the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) helps transport humanitarian aid workers – as well as vaccines, medicine, and medical equipment to areas not easily reachable by land or sea – to families in crisis.

Through these efforts, the U.N. World Food Programme feeds hundreds of thousands of people inside Nigeria each month.

Square photograph of Halima Detailed photograph of Halima


18-year-old Halima escaped Boko Haram and could rebuild her life thanks to food assistance.

Detailed photograph of Fatima


Fatima received proper nutrition after she fled her home with her mother at the age of two.

Detailed photograph of Bintu


Bintu was able to provide food for her family after losing access to her farm.

But there is more to be done. As of January 2021
2.4M people in the northeast alone
are hungry and need urgent assistance.
That number is set to rise
in the June-August lean season

Help us realize a future beyond emergency assistance where our help is no longer needed.

Let’s build people’s knowledge, skills and resilience. Let’s invest in economic opportunities and sustainable food systems so that all Nigerian families can get the nutrition they need to reach their full potential.