Image depicting Violence & Climate Shocks in Nigeria
Photo: WFP/Damilola Onafuwa

Violence & Climate Shocks in Nigeria

Poverty, conflict and climate shocks have driven nearly 20 million people in Nigeria into acute hunger.

Nearly 10 Years of Struggle

In northeast Nigeria, conflict has displaced over 3 million people from their homes and pushed over 4 million people into severe levels of hunger. Attacks by armed groups have forced people from their homes and hampered humanitarian access.

Triple Threats: Conflict, Insecurity and Coronavirus

April 2020

With 665 confirmed cases of coronavirus, conflict is again driving hunger at a menacing pace in Nigeria’s northeast. An upsurge in violence - with renewed attacks by armed groups and counter-insurgency operations by the military – has resulted in a fresh wave of displacement, cutting off access to farming lands essential for food and livelihoods.

Photo: WFP/Giulio d'Adamo

January 2017

WFP scales up its response in northeast Nigeria, reaching 1 million people in need.

August 2016

WFP activates a Level 3 food emergency, its most serious crisis designation.

July 2014

The Boko Haram Insurgency begins causing families to flee the violence.

Meeting the Challenge

The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) uses smart, innovative solutions to support Nigerian families across the region. These innovations include livelihood programs, SCOPE registration, truck convoys and UNHAS.


WFP provides Nigerian communities with high-quality, locally-sourced seeds, bolstering families’ food stores throughout the lean season. WFP will also provide cash transfers, tools, and vocational training to communities in need.


This blockchain technology helps WFP collect names, fingerprints and photos when registering refugees. The SCOPE process reduces loss and theft while allowing the humanitarian agency to better monitor and evaluate food distributions.


Managed by WFP, the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) helps transport aid workers – as well as vaccines, medicine and medical equipment to areas not easily reachable by land or sea – to families in crisis.


Help us realize a future beyond emergency assistance where our help is no longer needed.

Let’s build people’s knowledge, skills and resilience. Let’s invest in economic opportunities and sustainable food systems so that all Nigerian families can get the nutrition they need to reach their full potential.