JERUSALEM – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has started providing emergency assistance for more than 51,000 people in north Gaza in response to rising humanitarian needs among families affected by the recent escalation of conflict in the impoverished strip.

Working alongside its partners, the U.N. World Food Programme is providing cash support which will benefit both people who now need assistance for the first time and people who were already receiving the U.N. World Food Programme assistance but have had to leave their belongings behind and go and stay with friends or family elsewhere.

“For people who have lost or fled their homes, one of the most pressing needs at the moment is food. The quickest and most effective way we can provide support is with cash, in the form of e-vouchers. Food is available for the time being and many local shops are still open, including those we have already contracted for our regular e-voucher support,” said the U.N. World Food Programme Representative and Country Director in Palestine Samer AbdelJaber.

However, the closure of crossings into Gaza may soon cause a dearth of commodities, including food, and push up food prices. Prices of fresh produce are already on the rise as farmers are unable to reach their land.

The U.N. World Food Programme is currently working with partners to scale up coordination, establish protocols and determine emergency food assistance needs for people seeking safety in the United Nations shelters. The U.N. World Food Programme’s cash-based voucher electronic platform is also being used by other humanitarian agencies to provide non-food and other basic assistance to affected people.

The U.N. World Food Programme is also providing technical assistance to assess humanitarian needs in Gaza and is supporting – through the U.N. World Food Programme-led logistics efforts – the coordination of humanitarian cargo that may need to enter the area if borders remain closed.

“People in Gaza have already been living on the edge and many families struggle to put food on the table. Their situation has deteriorated even further over the past year due to COVID-19 pandemic restrictions,” says the U.N. World Food Programme Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa Corinne Fleischer. “The majority of the population cannot withstand further shocks and the current situation could unleash a crisis that could spill into the entire region.”

In Gaza, the U.N. World Food Programme regularly supports around 260,000 people through cash-based transfers or cash assistance for food, direct food rations, and livelihood support projects. More than two-thirds of Gaza’s population of two million were already suffering from food insecurity before the current escalation of conflict.

Poverty and unemployment, the two key drivers of food insecurity in the region, were already high prior to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and the recent deterioration in security conditions. More than half of Gaza’s population live in poverty – 53 percent – and unemployment is at 45 percent.

The U.N. World Food Programme requires an additional $31.8 million to be able to continue providing regular food assistance to more than 435,000 vulnerable people in Gaza and the West Bank for the next six months. To respond to the current emergency, the U.N. World Food Programme urgently requires $14 million to be able to provide emergency assistance over the coming three months for 160,000 affected people in Gaza and 60,000 people in the West Bank. The number of people in need may increase further.

The ongoing military escalation has caused significant suffering and destruction. The U.N. World Food Programme appeals for an immediate deescalation and cessation of hostilities in Gaza and Israel.

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The United Nations World Food Programme is the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate.  We are the world’s largest humanitarian organization, saving lives in emergencies and using food assistance to build a pathway to peace, stability and prosperity for people recovering from conflict, disasters and the impact of climate change.

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For decades, Palestine has been facing a protracted and complex protection and humanitarian crisis. 

Hunger in Gaza

Conflict, economic stagnation, severe trade restrictions and high unemployment continue to drive hunger in Palestine. Even before COVID-19, more than half of Gaza’s population lived in poverty and unemployment stood at 45%. Many families struggled to put food on the table. Recent escalations of violence have caused significant suffering and destruction.

Today, over 1 million people in Palestine are severely hungry: 90% of them live in Gaza.

WFP’s Work in Palestine

The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has been in Palestine since 1991. We provide food assistance to non-refugees facing the most extreme forms of hunger. Every month, over 400,000 people in Gaza and the West Bank receive U.N. World Food Programme assistance.

Our work combines ongoing operations to address urgent humanitarian needs in Palestine, while supporting early recovery and sustainable, long-term food security.

  • General food assistance: The U.N. World Food Programme provides the hungriest non-refugees in Gaza and the West Bank with food assistance, primarily in the form of electronic vouchers. Beneficiaries can use these vouchers to buy foods of their choice. In December 2022, nearly 400,000 people received U.N. World Food Programme assistance: 80% received cash-based transfers. In-kind assistance included wheat flour, chickpeas, lentils, salt and vegetable oil.
  • Enhancing resilience: WFP fosters early recovery and enhances the resilience and coping mechanisms of fragile communities in the face of economic hardship and restricted freedom of movement.
  • Social safety nets: WFP supports the Palestinian Authority’s (PA) national safety net by strengthening government capacity.



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