Photo: WFP/Claudia Altorio/2019

Angola

1.58M

Over 1.5M people are severely hungry in southwestern Angola

148th

Angola ranks 148th out of 189 countries on the 2019 Human Development Index

40 years

Southwestern provinces experienced the worst drought in 40 years last year

The Situation

Angola is a resource-rich country that has made significant economic and political progress since the end of the civil war in 2002. With a new reform-oriented government, Angola now has a window of opportunity to begin a period of more inclusive and sustainable growth that supports equitable outcomes.

Apart from the humanitarian challenges Angola faces as the host country of refugees and asylum-seekers, hunger remains a serious public health problem driven by a range of factors including droughts, poverty, limited dietary diversity, poor sanitation and gender inequality.

In mid-2016, inter-community tensions and clashes among local militia escalated. Fighting between the armed forces and self-defense groups in the Kasai region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) forced thousands of people to flee across the border into Angola’s Lunda Norte province. Following an official request for support from the government in May 2017, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) began providing food assistance to refugees in coordination with United Nations and other humanitarian partners.

WFP's Work

WFP is working with the government of Angola and a broad range of partners towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals 2 (Zero Hunger) and 17 (Partnerships for the Goals).

In 2020, WFP programming supported 6,698 refugees in Angola. 1,045 MT of food was distributed.

  • Refugee assistance: WFP is working closely with partners, including the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and World Vision International, to ensure that refugees from the DRC are able to meet their basic food and nutrition requirements, and to lay the foundation for more sustainable solutions.
  • Nutrition: WFP works with government partners to reduce vitamin and mineral deficiencies among Angolans as well as prevent stunting among children under the age of 2 through food fortification and specialized nutritious foods.
  • School Feeding: WFP will work with the Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Agriculture and provincial and municipal governments to create a school feeding plan for the four drought-affected provinces of Cunene, Huíla, Cuando Cubango and Namibe – based on locally produced and available foods. In March 2022, as part of its drought response, WFP plans to distribute emergency school meals and vouchers for families of malnourished children in Huíla.
  • Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (VAM): WFP has been supporting the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries in the preparation of food security and nutrition assessments. A dedicated team of WFP experts assists the government in the gathering and analysis of food security data, as well as in the development of regular food security and nutrition reports to be disseminated throughout the country in an effort to promote inclusive and efficient food security analysis.  Assessments include reports on rainfall and vegetation cover levels as well as food-based coping strategies.