Help Rohingya Refugees Survive
Over 80% of the refugees in Cox's Bazar rely on WFP to survive, and we rely on you to make it possible.
Over five years have passed since violence first erupted in Myanmar – a crisis that triggered a massive refugee crisis as hundreds of thousands of Rohingya fled across the border into Bangladesh. Today, the Rohingya and their host communities in Cox’s Bazar remain highly vulnerable and at high risk of hunger.
Rohingya refugees are in Bangladesh
of Bangladesh's population is hungry
of refugees rely on external assistance
The Evolution of the Crisis
The Rohingya’s extreme vulnerabilities are further exacerbated by large-scale hazards, including fires and floods that hit the camps in 2021. Almost all 900,000 refugees remain entirely dependent on humanitarian assistance today. In the host community, where most families rely on daily-wage jobs, a slow economic recovery after COVID-19 lockdown measures has caused their vulnerability levels to increase, with 52% of the families considered moderately to highly vulnerable now compared to 41% in 2019.Source: Two Years Into the COVID-19 Pandemic, Rohingya Refugees and Their Hosts in Bangladesh Remain Highly Vulnerable Photo: WFP/Mehedi Rahman/2021
A devastating fire that broke out in the Kutupalong refugee camp in Cox's Bazar affected 92,000 people - 48,300 of whom lost their shelters, belongings. WFP immediately provided emergency rations and hot meals to the evacuated families. Today, Rohingya refugees are more vulnerable than at any point since the 2017 influx – and are entirely dependent on humanitarian assistance to survive. Despite the challenges posed by the pandemic, WFP has scaled up its assistance to nearly 100 percent of the Rohingya population in Cox’s Bazar, providing a food basket from which they can choose what is best for their families.Photo: WFP/Sayed Asif Mahmud
August marks a grim anniversary: Three years since the Rohingya were first forced from their homes in Myanmar. Today they are more vulnerable than ever, facing crises within crises. This year's monsoon season wrecked the makeshift homes of 9,000 families, food prices are even higher, and supply chain disruptions have made the availability of food less reliable.Photo: WFP/Mehedi Rahman
In May, Cyclone Amphan tore through Bangladesh and its already vulnerable Rohingya refugee camps. 10 million people were affected across the country, and half a million families lost their homes - straining an already stretched government. The cyclone lashed coastal areas with brutal winds and rain, leaving at least 84 people dead in Bangladesh and India.Photo: WFP/Gemma Snowdon
As of April 22nd, there were nearly 3,400 confirmed cases of coronavirus in Bangladesh. The camps at Cox's Bazar are among the largest and most overcrowded in the world: families are crowded together and there is nearly no health care. WFP has rolled out prevention measures at its food distribution points to curb the spread.Photo: WFP/Gemma Snowdon
This year's monsoon season strikes, bringing 28 inches of rain in just 10 days. The deluge causes flooding and landslides and wipes away many of the Rohingya's makeshift shelters. WFP works tirelessly throughout the year to prepare the camp, but still, with such shaky infrastructure, staff must relocate families, provide emergency food and repair the damage.Photo: WFP/Gemma Snowdon
More than a year after the crisis began, hundreds of thousands of Rohingya are still unable to return to their homes in Myanmar. Hundreds more arrive every week.Photo: WFP Middle East Twitter
Monsoon season begins, bringing torrential rain and the constant threat of landslides and flooding.Photo: WFP
Preparations to fortify the camp begin in anticipation of the annual monsoon season, which threatens the camp's fragile infrastructure.Photo: WFP/Saikat Mojumder
WFP launches its e-card program, giving Rohingya refugees the ability to buy fresh produce, protein, and grains.
The Kutupalong camp in Cox's Bazar becomes the largest refugee camp in the world, host to more than 900,000 Rohingya refugees.Photo: WFP/Saikat Mojumder
Tens of thousands of Rohingya refugees get stuck in no man's land at the border of Bangladesh and Myanmar.
The exodus of the Rohingya begins as they flee violence in Western Myanmar.
WFP’S Refugee Response
- 880,000 out of 900,000 Rohingya refugees rely on us for food
- 210,000 women and children are supported with nutrition services
- 26,000 refugees participate in our cash-for-work projects
- 100,000 school-aged children receive fortified biscuits
Help Us Meet the Challenge
Since the beginning of WFP’s programming in Bangladesh in 1974, we have helped more than 155 million vulnerable and hungry people. Today, WFP is shifting towards a more advisory role by assisting the government in its efforts to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 2 – ending hunger.
Most camp residents get food aid in the form of a voucher, which they redeem at outlets that function like grocery stores, providing rice, lentils, oil, eggs, spices and vegetables. It’s a significant step toward restoring their health and their dignity.
Fortified biscuits are distributed to over 160,000 schoolchildren in camps and host communities through take-home rations. The biscuits are fortified with 15 essential vitamins and contain 450 calories, offering a quick meal in emergencies.
An engineering project between WFP, IOM and UNHCR helped to build safer, new land for refugees living in precarious areas of the camp. Infrastructure is critical for those who are at heightened risk of landslides and flooding.
WFP has prepositioned food stocks that can be deployed immediately when a disaster strikes. In March 2021, WFP was able to assist over 60,000 people affected by a massive fire in the camps within 24 hours – thanks to prepositioned stocks.
BUILDING CLIMATE RESILIENCE
Cox’s Bazar sees one monsoon and two cyclone seasons annually, meaning everyone living in the area is subject to natural disasters for nine months out of the year. WFP works to protect people’s livelihoods from recurrent natural disasters and improve their resilience through projects including the improvement of drainage systems, planting trees and piloting a new fire safety program for the camps.