Since violence first erupted in Myanmar in 2016, the Rohingya exodus to Bangladesh has become one of the most acute refugee emergencies for WFP. The refugee camp at Cox’s Bazar is the largest in the world.
The Evolution of the Rohingya Crisis
This year's monsoon season strikes, bringing 28 inches of rain in just 10 days. The deluge causes flooding and landslides and wipes away many of the Rohingya's makeshift shelters. WFP works tirelessly throughout the year to prepare the camp, but still, with such shaky infrastructure, staff must relocate families, provide emergency food and repair the damage.Photo: WFP/Gemma Snowdon
More than a year after the crisis began, hundreds of thousands of Rohingya are still unable to return to their homes in Myanmar. Hundreds more arrive every week.Photo: WFP Middle East Twitter
Monsoon season begins, bringing torrential rain and the constant threat of landslides and flooding.Photo: WFP
Preparations to fortify the camp begin in anticipation of the annual monsoon season, which threatens the camp's fragile infrastructure.Photo: WFP/Saikat Mojumder
WFP launches its e-card program, giving Rohingya refugees the ability to buy fresh produce, protein, and grains.
The Kutupalong camp in Cox's Bazar becomes the largest refugee camp in the world, host to more than 900,000 Rohingya refugees.Photo: WFP/Saikat Mojumder
Tens of thousands of Rohingya refugees get stuck in no man's land at the border of Bangladesh and Myanmar.
The exodus of the Rohingya begins as they flee violence in Western Myanmar.
More than 80% of the refugees in Cox’s Bazar rely on WFP for their basic needs.
- 911,000 Rohingya have fled Myanmar
- 880,000 refugees rely on WFP every month
- 45,000 people relocated to safer, newly developed camp sites
meeting the challenge
WFP uses smart, innovative solutions to feed Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. These innovations include e-cards, SCOPE registration, high-energy biscuits and drones.
E-cards give refugees the power to purchase food on their own terms. Like a debit card, they can be used at WFP food shops to buy fresh produce, meat and oil. E-cards also help stimulate the local economy by supporting nearby producers.
Blockchain technology helps WFP collect names, fingerprints and photos when registering refugees. The SCOPE process reduces loss and theft while allowing the humanitarian agency to better monitor and evaluate food distributions.
High energy biscuits are easy to distribute and improve nutrition among families without access to water or cooking supplies. They are fortified with 15 essential vitamins and contain 450 calories, offering a quick meal in emergencies.
Unmanned aerial vehicles like drones help WFP map humanitarian needs across the makeshift refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar, even during cloudy weather. Their photos provide immediate, raw visuals and a data source for operational analysis.
Because of these efforts, the World Food Programme feeds more than 880,000 people inside Cox’s Bazar each month.
Fatema uses her e-card to feed her five children after escaping Myanmar without her husband.
12-year-old Rubina can focus on her studies knowing she will receive a school meal tomorrow.
High-energy biscuits give Abdul the nutrition he needs to stay healthy.
More than 900,000 refugees live in Cox’s Bazar refugee camp, and 80 percent of them are women and children. The camp is plagued by poor water, unsanitary conditions, and limited access to health services and food. Here, Tracy Dube, a WFP nutritionist in the camp, describes the challenges that pregnant mothers, new moms and young children face in this pop-up city.
Help us realize a future beyond emergency assistance where our help is no longer needed.
Let’s build people’s knowledge, skills and resilience. Let’s invest in economic opportunities and sustainable food systems so that all Rohingya families can get the nutrition they need to reach their full potential.