Photo: WFP/Kabir Dhanji

Somalia

4.1M

people in crisis levels of hunger

2.9M

internally displaced persons (IDPs)

7/10

Somalis live in on less than $1.90/day

The Situation

After a gradual recovery from the famine of 2011, Somalia’s food security is once again under threat. Recurrent climate-induced shocks, insecurity and conflicts, environmental degradation and lack of infrastructure, among other factors, continue to hinder Somalis’ access to nutritious foods. As local staple food prices continue to rise sharply and livestock prices decrease significantly, poor families are likely to experience food shortages.

Three consecutive poor rain seasons compounded by stressors such as conflicts and desert locusts have eroded the resilience of groups. An estimated 271,000 people are displaced since 2021 in search of food, water and pasture.

Hunger Crisis in Somalia

Today, over 4 million Somalis are in a hunger crisis. Among the most affected include urban and poor people in Bay, Bakool, Gedo, Middle and Lower Shabelle, and other regions, as well as internally displaced populations (IDPs). 1.4 million children are estimated to be malnourished. Diseases, low immunization rates and low access to clean water are driving this high malnutrition rate.

WFP's Work

WFP works in Somalia to address basic food needs, strengthen coping mechanisms and support efforts to achieve food security. 4.6 million people were assisted in 2020 via all programs ranging from emergency relief to rehabilitation projects.

WFP provides assistance using a combination of cash transfers and food rations, as well as supporting communities to create assets that will strengthen their livelihoods and ability to withstand crises. Programming includes:

  • Providing lifesaving curative and preventive nutrition to children under age 5 and pregnant and nursing mothers, as well as targeted behavior change communication aimed at tackling the underlying causes of nutrition insecurity.
  • Providing food to the most vulnerable people in drought-affected areas of northern and south-central Somalia and, where markets are functioning, cash-based assistance in the form of food vouchers or e-cards.
  • Strengthening climate-smart food systems and supporting the government in implementing safety nets and other social protection programs.