War, Weather and Hunger
in Afghanistan 
Image depicting War, Weather and Hunger in Afghanistan 
Photo: WFP/Silke Buhr
Photo: WFP/Silke Buhr
A Nation in Distress

An engaged government, rich natural resources and a young and diverse population: Afghanistan has immense potential. But decades of conflict, climate shocks, gender inequality, rapid urbanization and underemployment are holding the country back – and keeping people hungry. Now, the COVID-19 pandemic is hitting the most vulnerable Afghan communities hardest.

12.4M

Afghanis are food insecure

1/2

of the country lives in poverty

41%

of children under 5 are stunted

A Dangerous Uphill Battle

Coronavirus

Millions face acute food insecurity in the face of COVID-19. The pandemic is particularly hard on the more than one in four Afghans who rely on day labour and low-income jobs to live. Lockdowns and other measures to stop the spread of the virus threaten to push vulnerable communities deeper into despair. WFP is working to get help to as many Afghans as possible.

Photo: WFP/Jorge Diaz

Hunger

One third of Afghanis are food insecure, and that insecurity is rising sharply. Undernutrition is a big concern for women, children, displaced people, returnees, households headed by women, people with disabilities and the poor.

Photo: WFP/Eoin Casey

Conflict

For decades, Afghans have lived through foreign intervention, civil war, insurgency and widespread insecurity. This has destroyed the country’s economic growth, limiting opportunities and making poverty worse.

Photo: WFP/Teresa Ha

Drought

A massive drought in 2018 – the worst in a decade – wreaked havoc on most of the country. It displaced thousands, kept farmers from growing crops and forced people to sell precious animals.

Photo: WFP/Silke Buhr

The Larger Climate

Every year, a quarter million Afghanis are affected by floods, droughts, avalanches, landslides and earthquakes. Weather events become more and more unpredictable - and severe - each year.

Photo: WFP/Sven Thelin

A Young Population

More than two-thirds of Afghanis are under the age of 25. Conflict, corruption and illegal industry put their futures at risk – especially in rural areas.

Photo: WFP/Wahidullah Amani

One of the greatest threats to kids in Afghanistan is hunger. With your support, WFP helps young people across the country.

Square photograph of feed the littlest Detailed photograph of feed the littlest
Photo: WFP/Wahidullah Amani

feed the littlest

Most Afghanis suffering from malnutrition are children under the age of five. This little girl is being fed at a WFP supported clinic in southern Kandahar.

Detailed photograph of help them grow
Photo: WFP/Wahidullah Amani

help them grow

Chronic malnutrition causes stunted growth in young children. With your help, WFP can get these kids the food they need, before it’s too late.

Detailed photograph of keep them safe
Photo: WFP/Wahidullah Amani

keep them safe

Despite WFP’s work to increase food aid in Afghanistan, kids still bear the brunt of the country’s nutritional crisis. Extreme weather and ongoing fighting also put children at risk of abuse and exploitation.

Helping Afghanis Face Hunger

WFP has been working in Afghanistan since 1963 – with a special focus on women and girls – helping vulnerable families, schoolchildren, returning refugees, internally displaced people and disabled people. With your help, we provide:

School Meals

WFP gives students rations as an incentive for their families to send them to school, and reaches Afghani women and kids with food baskets, micronutrient tablets and specialized nutritious food.

Food for Training

WFP provides thousands of Afghani people with food while they take classes in literacy and reproductive health, or learn vocational skills like embroidery, carpentry, gardening, plumbing or childcare.

Disaster Reduction

Afghanis can receive WFP food assistance through infrastructure rehabilitation programs. Adults are trained to build roads, canals, flood protection walls and terraces that keep communities safer in each for lifesaving food.

Farmer Support

WFP works with farmers to boost soybean production. WFP has also worked with farmers and the government to build an emergency grain reserve – enough to feed two million people for up to six months.

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There is so much more to do.
More than 10M Afghanis are still hungry
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