Landlocked & Starving
Fighting one of the highest levels of hunger in the world, the people of this Sahelian country in central Africa are also among the most affected by the global climate crisis.
Ongoing violence, climate change, desertification and tension over natural resources are all worsening hunger and poverty across Chad.
Chad is ranked 187th out of 189 countries in the 2020 Human Development Index
of the population lives below the poverty line
people are forcefully displaced within the country
drought & displacement
Many Chadians depend on farming and livestock for their livelihoods, but advancing agricultural practices is difficult as rain patterns are changing and droughts are frequent. This places even more strain on vulnerable families living in the Sahelian belt. Around 37.8 percent of children aged under 5 suffer from stunting, according to the Global Nutrition Report, with low height for their age caused by chronic malnutrition. The health of pregnant and breastfeeding women is poor, with high maternal mortality rates due to inadequate access to health services. Access to basic education is also limited.
Chad hosts one of the largest number of refugees in the region, and one million people are in a situation of forced displacement in the country; including 570,000 refugees, 406,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) around Lake Chad, as well as 107,000 Chadian returnees. The recent influx of refugees who have fled conflict in Cameroon has put additional pressure on Chad’s already limited resources.
WFP’s Work in CHAD
We run a variety of activities in Chad, with a focus on life-saving emergency activities and strengthening the country’s long-term resilience. In our mission to end food insecurity and malnutrition in the country.
We’re aiming to support approximately 3 million vulnerable people affected by chronic food insecurity and climate-related disasters in 2022. WFP provides cash-based transfers to enable vulnerable internally displaced people to buy food from local markets, boosting the economy. And we provide food to refugees, returnees and vulnerable local communities during the lean season.
We provide life-saving food and nutritional assistance to over 530,000 refugees from Sudan, the Central African Republic (CAR), Nigeria and Cameroon, and 230,000 displaced persons in the Lake province. In support of the government’s National Response Plan for the lean season, WFP is aiming to assist 1,061,040 people in the Sahelian belt from June to September 2022. 102,000 Chadians, who fled violence in CAR in 2013, still live in transit sites and host villages in the South of Chad.
And we support the Ministry of Health in the coordination of nutrition activities and the implementation of moderate acute malnutrition health care. We provide nutrition support to babies aged 6 months to 2 years to prevent malnutrition, children under 5 to treat malnutrition, with pregnant and breastfeeding women also receiving nutritional support. In 2021, WFP reached 458,000 children and 235,400 pregnant and nursing women with specialized nutritious foods to prevent or treat acute malnutrition or address vitamin and mineral deficiencies.
WFP supports the Ministry of Education, regional and local educational authorities, schools, and communities with technical assistance and provides school meals to preschools and primary schools as well as assistance to adolescent girls to increase attendance rates. WFP provides nutritious school meals to children in food insecure areas of the Sahel, where food production is poor even in relatively good years. School meals encourage school enrollment, which is low in these regions. We also provide an emergency school meal program in the Lake Chad region. In 2021, WFP school meals reached a total of 200,000 school children.
WFP has continued to scale up the integrated resilience program and reached nearly 486,000 people in more than 211 villages across the Sahel, who benefitted from asset creation activities. Since the beginning of the scale-up in 2018, together with the communities and partners, WFP has rehabilitated nearly 2,600 hectares of degraded land and created some 385 hectares of gardens – the equivalent of almost 4,200 football fields – to produce fresh vegetables and fruits.
WFP manages the UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) on behalf of the humanitarian community in Chad, with 21 destinations throughout the country served by four aircraft carrying personnel and light cargo. UNHAS is a critical enabler of humanitarian and development assistance in Chad. Its network is strategically structured to provide maximum coverage of the country’s large land surface. In 2021, a total of 105 humanitarian organizations and 10,600 passengers relied on UNHAS to carry out their vital work in Chad.
Help Save Lives by Sending Food
You can help deliver food to vulnerable populations in Chad and other countries by donating to WFP.
What’s Happening in Chad
Read the latest news updates and stories from Chad: