As the second most populous country in Africa, Ethiopia has made impressive strides over the last 20 years in reducing poverty and expanding investments in basic social services. The number of people in absolute poverty fell from 48 percent in 1990 to an estimated 25 percent in 2013 and 2014. At the same time, the proportion of undernourished people fell from 75 percent between 1990 and 1992 to 32 percent in 2014 and 2015.
Despite strong economic gains and a comprehensive development framework, the distribution of developmental gains remains uneven. Moreover, climate shocks are a major cause of humanitarian crises in Ethiopia. Since 2003, the country has faced five serious droughts affecting millions of people, the most recent of which unfolded over the course of 2015 and was compounded by the global El Niño event.
Ethiopia is also host to the largest refugee population on the continent. More than 730,000 officially registered refugees from Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan now reside in 26 camps located in the five regional states of Afar, Benishangul-Gumuz, Gambella, Somali and Tigray.