Problems of Hunger

Ending hunger and malnutrition is one of the greatest challenges of our time, but it’s solvable. In a world where enough food exists to feed everyone, zero hunger is at our fingertips.

But there’s still a long way to go to ensure the causes of hunger are eliminated. Learn about the causes and consequences of hunger to understand problems of hunger.

Why are people hungry?


People who live below the global poverty line of $1.90 per day can’t afford nutritious food, leaving them physically and mentally weaker so they are less able to earn the money necessary to escape poverty and hunger.


Food security is a matter of national security — when conflict erupts, markets are disrupted, economies crumble and food becomes scarce.

Natural Disaster

Earthquakes and hurricanes can destroy entire communities, farms and infrastructure, leaving families homeless and hungry.

Climate Change

Extreme weather like flooding and drought makes growing food harder and more risky, especially for small-scale farmers who lack the technology and tools to adapt.

Lack of Access

Limited physical and economic access can make it difficult for people to find the food they need, especially in remote areas of the world where roads and markets are scarce.

Lack of Education

Without basic literacy skills and a clear understanding of nutrition, sanitation and hygiene, the planet’s poorest families are trapped in a cycle of poverty and hunger.

Hunger and malnutrition are part of an ongoing cycle, as both a cause and effect of poverty and inequality.