Burkina Faso is a semi-arid Sahel country, with a population of approximately 18 million. Almost half (40 percent) of its population lives below the poverty line. The majority of the population depends on one season of rain-fed agriculture for their livelihoods, leaving the country vulnerable to climate shocks. Women, boys and girls under five and elderly continue to be most affected by persistent food and nutrition insecurity, especially in rural areas.
As of 2015, Global acute malnutrition is 10.4 percent and chronic malnutrition is 30.2 percent. In 2016, a total of 2.5 million people are at risk for food insecurity. The primary education enrollment rate is 87 percent.
While progress has been made to decrease undernutrition and food insecurity and increase access to education, further efforts by the Government and its partners are still required. National and regional insecurity, including the ongoing conflict in northern Mali, threaten political stability and economic development in Burkina Faso.