Photo: WFP/Evelyn Fey/2021

Burkina Faso


people are expected to face hunger this year


of the population relies on agriculture


people are internally displaced from their homes

The Situation

Burkina Faso is a semi-arid Sahel country, with a population of nearly 21 million. More than half (40%) of its population lives below the poverty line. The majority of the population depends on one season of rain-fed agriculture for their livelihoods, leaving the country vulnerable to climate shocks. The rising insecurity continues to deteriorate across all regions of Burkina Faso, resulting in a massive population displacement. As of April 2022, 1.6 million people are internally displaced from their homes.

Burkina Faso is experiencing a multidimensional crisis driven by insecurity, political instability, climate change and rising food prices which has led to a deterioration in food and nutrition security for millions.

WFP's Work

The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has present in Burkina Faso since 1967. In partnerships with the government of Burkina Faso, international and national non-governmental organizations, academia, local communities and the private sector, the U.N. World Food Programme is contributing to efforts towards achieving SDG 2 (Zero Hunger):

  • Assistance for IDP’s and refugees: Following a rise in violent attacks and increased displacements, the U.N. World Food Programme provides monthly food or cash assistance to internally displaced persons (IDP’s). The U.N. World Food Programme also provides Malian refugees residing in the Sahel region with a monthly ration consisting of cereal, beans, oil and cash (about $8 per person per month), depending on economic status.
  • School meals: Since 2004, the U.N. World Food Programme has been supporting the government by implementing a school feeding program in the Sahel region. Take-home rations are also a further incentive to attend school activities until they complete at least primary school.
  • Nutritional aid: Despite the difficulties posed by growing insecurity, the U.N. World Food Programme is implementing activities to prevent and treat malnutrition in children under the age of 5 as well as pregnant and breastfeeding women and girls.
  • Resilience Programs: U.N. World Food Programme-supported livelihood opportunities contribute to improving the resilience of individuals and communities to both socioeconomic shocks and the effects of climate change. Support includes the provision of storage technologies, and training on post-harvest losses reduction and food processing. In 2019, the U.N. World Food Programme introduced a weather index-based insurance in various villages likely to be affected by drought.