Rwanda has one of the highest population densities in Africa, where life expectancy stands at 64 years and households headed by women or orphans account for 36 percent of the population. The low-income country has a limited natural resource base, and agriculture is the main sector of the country’s economy—contributing to more than 33 percent of the national GDP and 80 percent of the total export revenue.
Since the 1994 genocide and collapse of the economy and social services, the government embarked on rebuilding the country and improving its quality of life through long- and short-term development programs. Rwanda was the first country to sign onto the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme, confirming malnutrition and food insecurity as some of the government’s key priorities.
Rwanda is currently home to more than 74,000 Congolese refugees and more than 81,000 Burundian refugees, hosted in camps, reception centers and cities. With precarious security in the region, prospects for refugee repatriation in the near future have declined.