Photo: WFP/Jonny Hogg

Türkiye

4M

Refugees are registered in Türkiye

47,000

Refugees live in camps

29%

Of people in Türkiye live below the poverty line

The Situation

Türkiye has one of the largest economies in the world with a GDP of roughly $720 billion. Bordered by five countries, Türkiye also hosts the largest refugee population in the world with 3.6 million Syrian refugees and more than 322,000 from other countries. Around 45,000 refugees reside in seven camps located in the country’s southeast, while the majority live in cities and villages throughout the country. 

A temporary European Union protection measure grants Syrians access to services such as healthcare and education as well as the possibility to request work permits from an employer. However, it remains challenging for most refugees to find registered employment. Many are forced to move to areas where they can find informal work. Refugees of other countries continue to benefit from International Protection status.

WFP's Work

WFP re-established a presence in Türkiye in 2012, in response to the Syria crisis. With the government of Türkiye and humanitarian partners, WFP helps refugees meet their basic needs.

  • E-card Program: With the Turkish Red Crescent, WFP provides food assistance to Syrian refugees through an e-card program. Assisted populations can redeem their e-cards for nutritious food items at contracted supermarkets. In 2021, WFP and the Turkish Red Crescent reached around 52,000 refugees with monthly assistance via e-cards.
  • Livelihoods Support: WFP supports employment opportunities for both refugees and members of Turkish host communities. Through its Socioeconomic Empowerment and Sustainability Program, WFP uses vocational and on-the-job training to equip people with the skills they need to access long-term employment.

WFP also has a standing history of large-scale procurement of commodities in Türkiye to support its operations globally. In 2021, Türkiye was WFP’s top food commodity supplier with $333M worth of commodities procured.