Despite its status as a lower middle-income country with a GDP of $14 billion in 2015, the Republic of Congo has a low Human Development Index. Food production is below national requirements, with only 2 percent of arable land currently under cultivation. The Republic of Congo produces less than 30 percent of the country’s food needs and imports almost all of its food, leading to high food prices.
Income is very unevenly distributed. Forty-eight percent of Congolese live on less than $1.25 a day.
According to the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, there is a dire shortage of nutritious food, resulting in children suffering from acute malnutrition. Sixty-seven percent of children under age five are anemic. In children under age five, rates of severe acute malnutrition stand at 2.6 percent; global acute malnutrition at 8.2 percent; stunting at 21.2 percent; and underweight at 12.3 percent.
The national HIV/AIDS prevalence is 3.2 percent.