Image depicting The Dry Corridor
Photo: WFP/Rocío Franco

The Dry Corridor

The economic fallout of COVID-19 and now unfolding global food crisis have triggered a dramatic rise in hunger across the Dry Corridor where extreme weather events, displacement and insecurity have already taken a heavy toll. Millions of people have been affected across El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.


people in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras are moderately or severely hungry


of people in Central America would like to migrate


people across Latin America and the Caribbean were assisted by WFP in 2021

Extreme Weather Wreaks Havoc for Farmers

Erratic Weather

Prolonged dry spells and excessive rains have devastated corn and bean crops in the Dry Corridor of Central America, leaving farmers and their families prone to hunger and malnutrition. Children are especially vulnerable.

Photo: WFP/Rocío Franco

Coping Mechanisms

Many families have resorted to crisis-level coping strategies, including selling agricultural tools and animals, skipping meals and eating less nutritious food. These strategies may meet immediate needs, but threaten families' stability in the long term.

Photo: WFP/Miguel Vargas

Forced Migration

Subsistence farmers and their families are highly vulnerable to disruptions caused by extreme weather. The region's recent adverse weather has devastated harvests, leaving millions without crops to eat or sell. With no food or work nearby, many families are forced to emigrate elsewhere to survive.

Photo: WFP/Miguel Vargas

Women in the Dry Corridor

Most single-headed households in the Dry Corridor are headed by mothers, who are economically vulnerable and food insecure.

Due to high levels of migration in the Dry Corridor, women experience an additional burden, as they have to undertake the agricultural activities of departed men on top of their traditional domestic responsibilities.

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Relief Efforts

Climate shocks – like El Niño – affect the planting and harvesting of crops in the Dry Corridor – and they’ll only worsen the already fragile food security communities face in the Dry Corridor. Now, COVID-19 is pushing even more people in the region into poverty and hunger.

Photo: WFP/Rein Skullerud
Cash Transfers

The goal is to ensure food security by stabilizing access and consumption of food for families affected by climate shocks and coronavirus.

Photo: WFP/Julissa Aguilar
School Meals

Children across the Dry Corridor receive nutritious school meals with help from WFP. Sometimes, it’s the only meal they’ll have in a day.

Photo: Photo: WFP/Sabrina Quezada
Food for Assets

The goal is to help communities adapt and build resilience to climate shocks through its Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) program.

Photo: WFP
Empowering Women

WFP applies a gender transformative approach across all stages of its programs, taking into consideration the vulnerabilities of women.

Read Stories From the Dry Corridor

Photo: WFP/Nick Roeder “La Casa de Oro”: Growing a House of Green Gold in Central America's Dry Corridor

There’s little remarkable about a greenhouse growing chilies, cucumbers and tomatoes until you learn that it's in the ‘Dry Corridor’—a vast stretch of Central America where drought is pushing more and more people into hunger.

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Photo: WFP/Julian Frank Trouble in the Tropics: Climate Change, COVID-19 and the Relentless Cycle of Hunger

For International Day of the Tropics, we're taking a deeper look at how climate presents unique challenges for those living in the Dry Corridor and how WFP is helping to break the cycle of hunger. 

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Photo: WFP/Rocío Franco Voices of the Dry Corridor: Stories of Climate Change & Hunger

In the Dry Corridor of Central America, dry spells have ruined crops and shrunken lakes, pushing families to extremes to feed themselves. These six stories show just how daunting the challenge is.

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