Image depicting The Dry Corridor
Photo: WFP/Rocío Franco

The Dry Corridor

Extreme weather like torrential rain and flooding followed by months-long drought have affected 2.2 million people in the Dry Corridor, comprised of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.

Millions need urgent food assistance in the face of the climate and COVID-19 crises. The pandemic will push even more people into poverty and hunger, and threatens a region where economic shocks, erratic climate, displacement and insecurity have already taken a heavy toll.

8 in 10

households are resorting to crisis coping mechanisms


of people don't have enough money to buy basic foods

35 years

Farmers face the worst dry cropping season in 35 years

Extreme Weather Wreaks Havoc for Farmers

Erratic Weather

For the fifth consecutive year, erratic weather patterns like prolonged dry spells and excessive rains have devastated maize and bean crops in the Dry Corridor of Central America, leaving farmers and their families prone to hunger and malnutrition. Children are especially vulnerable.

Photo: WFP/Rocío Franco

Coping Mechanisms

Up to 82 percent of affected families have resorted to crisis-level coping strategies, including selling agricultural tools and animals, skipping meals and eating less nutritious food. These strategies may meet immediate needs, but threaten families' stability in the long term.

Photo: WFP/Miguel Vargas

Forced Migration

Subsistence farmers and their families are highly vulnerable to disruptions caused by extreme weather. The region's recent adverse weather has devastated harvests, leaving millions without crops to eat or sell. With no food or work nearby, many families are forced to emigrate elsewhere to survive.

Photo: WFP/Miguel Vargas

WFP in Action

To support this extremely vulnerable region, WFP plans to provide food assistance to more than 700,000 people: 350,000 in Honduras; 150,500 in Guatemala; 121,500 in El Salvador; and 80,000 in Nicaragua.

Photo: WFP/Miguel Vargas

of migrants cited extreme weather as their reason for leaving


likelihood that extreme weather events will hit the next harvest season


increase in emigration from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua from 2010-2015

Women in the Dry Corridor

Most single-headed households in the Dry Corridor are headed by mothers, who are economically vulnerable and food insecure.

Due to high levels of migration in the Dry Corridor, women experience an additional burden, as they have to undertake the agricultural activities of departed men on top of their traditional domestic responsibilities.

21 percent of the migrants from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras are women.

YOU can help.

Relief Efforts

Climate shocks – like El Niño – affect the planting and harvesting of crops in the Dry Corridor – and they’ll only worsen the already fragile food security communities face in the Dry Corridor. Now, COVID-19 is pushing even more people in the region into poverty and hunger.


Photo: WFP/Rein Skullerud
Cash Transfers

The goal is to ensure food security by stabilizing access and consumption of food for families affected by climate shocks and coronavirus.

Families in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras will receive unconditional cash transfers, covering their food requirements during the lean season.

Photo: WFP/Julissa Aguilar
School Meals

Children across the Dry Corridor get school meals with help from WFP. Sometimes, it’s the only meal they’ll have in a day.

Millions of kids are now out of school during the pandemic. WFP has pivoted from in-school meals to helping distribute take-home rations to families.

Photo: Photo: WFP/Sabrina Quezada
Food for Assets

The goal is to help communities adapt and build resilience to climate shocks through its Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) program.

Families receive conditional cash transfers to build and rehabilitate assets that build the resilience, productivity and prosperity of the local community.

Photo: WFP
Empowering Women

WFP applies a gender transformative approach across all stages of its programs, taking into consideration the vulnerabilities of women, improving their livelihoods and strengthening women’s roles in the public sphere, while involving men in child care and nutrition-sensitive programming.

Stories From the Dry Corridor

Photo: WFP/Francisco Fion Erratic Weather Patterns in the Central American Dry Corridor Leave 1.4 Million People in Urgent Need of Food Assistance

Prolonged droughts followed by heavy rain have destroyed more than half of the corn and bean crops that subsistence farmers rely on to survive.

Read more +
Photo: WFP/Sabrina Quezada Ardila Female Farmers Are Breaking Men's "Economic Control" Over Women in Nicaragua

Nicaraguan women explain how they overcame old ways of doing things, where men controlled the family's money and material goods. Now women are farming land, making joint decisions and managing household income.

Read more +
Photo: WFP/Carlos Alonzo Forced to Leave Their Homes Because of Climate Change

There's been a lot of news about migrant flows from Central America to the United States. Here's a look at how communities in the Dry Corridor are forced to choose: adapt to a changing climate, or leave.

Read more +

Hunger and Rain

Elio Rujano, a WFP communications officer based in Panama, has witnessed firsthand the impact of climate change on families in the Dry Corridor who are already struggling to survive. His account includes stories that the news headlines often miss.

See all podcasts

As of today
1.4 million people
urgently need food assistance
WFP needs $72 million
to provide food assistance
to more than 700,000 people
Take Action Today