The Dry
Image depicting The Dry Corridor
Photo: WFP/Rocío Franco
Photo: WFP/Rocío Franco

Extreme weather like rainfall and drought have affected 2.2 million people in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua, leaving 1.4 million in urgent need of food assistance.


people have been affected by the extreme rainfall and drought


of households don't have sufficient income to cover the cost of the basic food basket


people are urgently in need of food assistance

Extreme Weather Wreaks Havoc for Farmers

Erratic Weather

For the fifth consecutive year, erratic weather patterns like prolonged dry spells and excessive rains have devastated maize and bean crops in the Dry Corridor of Central America, leaving farmers and their families prone to hunger and malnutrition. Children are especially vulnerable.

Photo: WFP/Rocío Franco

Coping Mechanisms

Up to 82 percent of affected families have resorted to crisis-level coping strategies, including selling agricultural tools and animals, skipping meals and eating less nutritious food. These strategies may meet immediate needs, but threaten families' stability in the long term.

Photo: WFP/Miguel Vargas

Forced Migration

Subsistence farmers and their families are highly vulnerable to disruptions caused by extreme weather. The region's recent adverse weather has devastated harvests, leaving millions without crops to eat or sell. With no food or work nearby, many families are forced to emigrate elsewhere to survive.

Photo: WFP/Miguel Vargas

WFP in Action

To support this extremely vulnerable region, WFP plans to provide food assistance to more than 700,000 people: 350,000 in Honduras; 150,500 in Guatemala; 121,500 in El Salvador; and 80,000 in Nicaragua.

Photo: WFP/Miguel Vargas

of households in the worst-affected communities resort to crisis coping mechanisms


likelihood that extreme weather events will hit the next harvest season


Emigration from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua has increased five-fold from 2010-2015

Photo: WFP/Francisco Fion

Women in the Dry Corridor

Most single-headed households in the Dry Corridor are headed by mothers, who are economically vulnerable and food insecure.

Due to high levels of migration in the Dry Corridor, women experience an additional burden, as they have to undertake the agricultural activities of departed men on top of their traditional domestic responsibilities.

21 percent of the migrants from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras are women.

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Relief Efforts

El Niño is forecast to last until October 2019, and is very likely to affect the planting and harvesting of crops this coming season. This will only worsen the already fragile food security communities face in the Dry Corridor.

Photo: WFP/Rein Skullerud
Cash Transfers

The goal is to ensure food security by stabilizing access and consumption of food for families affected by climate shocks.

Families in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras will receive unconditional cash transfers, covering their food requirements during the lean season.

Photo: WFP/Julissa Aguilar
School Meals

WFP’s immediate goal is to stabilize access and consumption of food for families affected by climate shocks to address food security.

Children in Nicaragua will receive school meals. Most ingredients for these meals will be purchased from smallholder farmers.

Photo: Photo: WFP/Sabrina Quezada
Food for Assets

The goal is to help communities adapt and build resilience to climate shocks through its Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) program.

Families receive conditional cash transfers to build and rehabilitate assets that build the resilience, productivity and prosperity of the local community.

Photo: WFP
Empowering Women

WFP applies a gender transformative approach across all stages of its programs, taking into consideration the vulnerabilities of women, improving their livelihoods and strengthening women’s roles in the public sphere, while involving men in child care and nutrition-sensitive programming.

Stories From the Dry Corridor

Photo: WFP/Francisco Fion Erratic Weather Patterns in the Central American Dry Corridor Leave 1.4 Million People in Urgent Need of Food Assistance

Prolonged droughts followed by heavy rain have destroyed more than half of the corn and bean crops that subsistence farmers rely on to survive.

Read more +
Photo: WFP/Sabrina Quezada Ardila Female Farmers Are Breaking Men's "Economic Control" Over Women in Nicaragua

Nicaraguan women explain how they overcame old ways of doing things, where men controlled the family's money and material goods. Now women are farming land, making joint decisions and managing household income.

Read more +
Photo: WFP/Carlos Alonzo Forced to Leave Their Homes Because of Climate Change

There's been a lot of news about migrant flows from Central America to the United States. Here's a look at how communities in the Dry Corridor are forced to choose: adapt to a changing climate, or leave.

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Hunger and Rain

Elio Rujano, a WFP communications officer based in Panama, has witnessed firsthand the impact of climate change on families in the Dry Corridor who are already struggling to survive. His account includes stories that the news headlines often miss.

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As of today
1.4 million people
urgently need food assistance
WFP needs $72 million
to provide food assistance
to more than 700,000 people
Take Action Today